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CHILDREN








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Family knowledge

Birth Registration

UK 91 11 Census

Immigration details of Canada - arrived Quebec
10 Jun 1911 on board Tunisian.

Attestation papers

CWGC records


SOURCES

Louis emigrated to Canada in June 1911 with his parents & siblings.

He signed on with the Canadian Infantry on 8th September 1915, two months before his 20th birthday & on 12th April 1917 at the tender age of 21 he was killed at Vimy Ridge.

Louis Frederick GARDNER

B  1895 Brighton, Sussex

D  1917 Pas de Calais, France

  




JAMES JOHN GARDNER



SARAH ANN SHRUBSOLE



LOUIS FREDERICK GARDNER

123205 Lance Corporal Louis Frederick Gardner 58th Btn. Canadian Infantry (Central Ontario Regiment) died aged 22 on
12th April, 1917 at Vimy Ridge.   He signed on with the Canadian Infantry on 8th September 1915.

There is an entry in the armed forces Book of Remembrance in Ottowa:  Louis Frederick Gardner never married and was killed during the Great War at Vimy Ridge.

The 58th Battalion, CEF, was authorized on 20 April 1915 and embarked for Great Britain on 22 November 1915. It disembarked in France on 22 February 1916, where it fought as part of the 9th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war. The battalion was disbanded on 15 September 1920.

The 3rd Canadian Division was a formation of the Canadian Corps during the First World War.  It was formed in France in December 1915 under the command of Major-General Malcolm Mercer. Its members served in both France and Flanders until Armistice Day. While with 3rd Division at Ypres, Mercer became the highest-ranking Canadian officer killed in action in World War I. On the same day, Brigadier V. A. Williams, commanding the 8th Infantry Brigade, became the highest-ranking Canadian officer captured in World War I, also at the Battle of Mount Sorrel. Mercer was replaced by Louis Lipsett, who commanded the division until September 1918 shortly before he too was killed in action.

The Battle of Vimy Ridge was a military engagement fought primarily as part of the Battle of Arras, in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France, during the First World War. The main combatants were the Canadian Corps, of four divisions, against three divisions of the German Sixth Army. The battle, which took place from 9 to 12 April 1917, was part of the opening phase of the British-led Battle of Arras, a diversionary attack for the French Nivelle Offensive.

The objective of the Canadian Corps was to take control of the German-held high ground along an escarpment at the northernmost end of the Arras Offensive. This would ensure that the southern flank could advance without suffering German enfilade fire. Supported by a creeping barrage, the Canadian Corps captured most of the ridge during the first day of the attack. The town of Thélus fell during the second day of the attack, as did the crest of the ridge once the Canadian Corps overcame a salient of considerable German resistance. The final objective, a fortified knoll located outside the town of Givenchy-en-Gohelle, fell to the Canadian Corps on 12 April. The German forces then retreated to the Oppy–Méricourt line.

Historians attribute the success of the Canadian Corps in capturing the ridge to a mixture of technical and tactical innovation, meticulous planning, powerful artillery support and extensive training, as well as the failure of the German Sixth Army to properly apply the new German defensive doctrine. The battle was the first occasion when all four divisions of the Canadian Expeditionary Force participated in a battle together and thus became a Canadian nationalistic symbol of achievement and sacrifice. A 100 ha (250 acres) portion of the former battleground serves as a preserved memorial park and site of the Canadian National Vimy Memorial.

Main assault: 9 April 1917

Artillery attack on a field of barbed wire at Vimy Ridge.  The attack was to begin at 5:30 am on Easter Monday, 9 April 1917.  By nightfall on 12 April 1917, the Canadian Corps was in firm control of the ridge. The corps suffered 10,602 casualties: 3,598 killed and 7,004 wounded. The German Sixth Army suffered an unknown number of casualties with approximately 4,000 men becoming prisoners of war. Four members of the Canadian Corps received Victoria Crosses, the highest military decoration awarded to British and Commonwealth forces for valour, for their actions during the battle

If anyone is interested the description of Battle of Vimy Ridge on Wikipedia is well worth reading.



"In Flanders Fields" is a war poem, written during the First World War by Canadian physician and Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae. He was inspired to write it on May 3, 1915, after presiding over the funeral of friend and fellow soldier Alexis Helmer, who died in the Second Battle of Ypres.


Although Louis was born English he had emigrated to & was living in Canada & fighting with the Canadian Infantry so I thought it rather appropriate to have the poem on his page.



In Flanders fields the poppies blow

      Between the crosses, row on row,

   That mark our place; and in the sky

   The larks, still bravely singing, fly

Scarce heard amid the guns below.


We are the Dead. Short days ago

We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,

   Loved and were loved, and now we lie,

         In Flanders fields.


Take up our quarrel with the foe:

To you from failing hands we throw

   The torch; be yours to hold it high.

   If ye break faith with us who die

We shall not sleep, though poppies grow

         In Flanders fields.

PHOTO WWI
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